Cancer happens when abnormal cells in your body grow and divide. These cells can join together as form a large clump, often called a tumour, which can grow and further damage the normal cells around it and spread to other part of your body. To fine early or pre-cancerous cells, screening tests are done on a regular basis in adults. Sometimes there are no signs or symptoms of cancer, so it is important to get screened regularly. We have some excellent screening protocols, which you can learn more about below:
PAP TEST | CERVICAL CANCER
The pap test is a method of sampling cells from a women's cervix to detect cancerous cells. In Ontario, these tests happen every 3 years between the ages of 21 - 70. If you have an abnormal pap, other testing may need to be done.
MAMMOGRAM | BREAST CANCER
Mammography is a special type of x-ray of the breast that uses low doses of radiation. It can be helpful in detecting malignant or benign tumours in the breast. Women receive mammograms every 2 years between the ages of 50 -74. You may qualify to have early testing if you are at high risk or have a family history of breast cancer. Talk with your family doctor to find out more.
FIT TEST | COLON CANCER
Colon cancer is 90% curable if caught in the early stages with cancer screening. Currently in Ontario, we now offer the FIT (Fecal Immunochemical Test) Kits every 2 years to men and women between the ages of 50 - 74. This is a new test that is more sensitive and specific for detecting abnormalities in your stool. You may qualify for other tests (eg. colonoscopy) if you are high risk or have a family history of colon cancer. Talk with your family doctor to find out which test is right for you.
PSA TEST | PROSTATE CANCER
There is controversy over the PSA test in Canada. This test is a blood test that has been used to detect possible prostate cancer. A higher than normal or rising PSA level can be indicative of cancer as well as many other non-cancer related problems (infection, enlarged prostate, inflammation, etc). Read the FAQ below and ask your family doctor below if you qualify for testing.